Fungi Outer Hebrides

Family: Parmeliaceae

Cornicularia normoerica  (Gunn.) Du Rietz

Type: Fruticose

Tufts of flattened, black branches arising from single holdfast. Apothcia, often shiny with spiny edge to the disc. Upland areas on siliceous rocks

Smith, C.W. et al. editors (2009) The Lichens of Great Britain and Irelandd
Dobson, F.S. (2018) Lichens: an Illustrated Guide to the British and Irish Species
Thell & Moberg, editors (2011) Nordic Lichen Flora, Volume 4: Parmeliaceae